Sunday, 21 April 2019

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Monday, 18 February 2019

Shooshi Dreyfus On 'Does'

While this notion does make sense on the surface,
one of emphasis, or something else?
2) How does it compare to
While this notion makes sense on the surface,
? No emphasis?

And building on these comments, surely you can’t look at this properly till you see the co-text? Firstly, it’s a dependent clause and in order for us to understand it we need to see not only the independent clause with which it must be paired but also the rest of the text so we can see the prosody being “carried” through the rest of the text? Surely the “does”, in part, gets its meaning from all those other meanings around it that are contributing to whatever “argument” is being built here?


Blogger Comments:

[1] To be sure, the significant differences between the two clauses can be "looked at properly" by applying SFL theory, even in the absence of co-text:

While
this notion
does
make
sense
on the surface

Subject
Finite
Predicator
Complement
comment Adjunct: qualified: validity
'reservation'

'reservation'

Given

New: contrastive
Given

New: contrastive


While
this notion
makes
sense
on the surface

Subject
Finite
Predicator
Complement
comment Adjunct: qualified: validity
'reservation'
Given




New: contrastive

To be clear, both variants could be instantiated with the exact same co-text.

[2] To be sure, it is not necessary to see any other clauses in order to understand the differences between the two presented for discussion, as [1] above demonstrates.

[3] To be sure, any prosodies "being carried through the rest of the text" are relevant to the rest of the text.  The prosody "being carried through" the instances in question is TONE 4 which here realises the KEY feature 'reservation'.  However, this doesn't distinguish the two clauses, since it is instantiated in both.  The distinction between them is informational (textual), dependent on whether or not the Finite can be highlighted as contrastive.

[4] To be sure, the meaning of does is realised by its congruent grammatical function in this instance.

Sunday, 17 February 2019

David Banks On 'Does'

While this notion does make sense on the surface,
one of emphasis, or something else?
2) How does it compare to
While this notion makes sense on the surface,
? No emphasis?

I'm not sure that "emphasis" is the "mot juste". I think context is important: (1) seems to imply a context where the opposite (".. does not make sense ..") has at least been envisaged by the proponents in the discourse. (2) seems to be neutral in this respect.





Blogger Comments:

[1] To be clear, the difference between the wording of (1) and (2) is that the former distinguishes the Finite from the Predicator, whereas the latter conflates them:

While
this notion
does
make
sense
on the surface

Subject
Finite
Predicator
Complement
comment Adjunct

Mood
Residue

While
this notion
makes
sense
on the surface

Subject
Finite
Predicator
Complement
comment Adjunct

Mood
Residue

The separation in (1) makes it possible to single out the Finite does as the focus of New information ("emphasis"):

While
this notion
does
make
sense
on the surface

Subject
Finite
Predicator
Complement
comment Adjunct
Given

New: contrastive
Given

New: contrastive

[2] To be clear, in (1), the "opposite context" is realised in language, on the one hand, by highlighting both the positive polarity of the Finite does and the qualified validity of the comment Adjunct on the surface as contrastive New information.

On the other hand, the "opposite context" is also realised in language by the choice of KEY.  The unmarked TONE feature for such a dependent clause is tone 4 (fall-rise), which, in the case of declarative MOOD, can realise 'reservation'.  In (1), 'reservation' is instantiated twice, with positive polarity and qualified validity the focus of each.

[3] To be clear, it is not that (2) is "neutral in this respect", but that 'reservation' is only instantiated once, with the qualified validity of the comment Adjunct as the only contrastive focus.

While
this notion
makes
sense
on the surface

Subject
Finite
Predicator
Complement
comment Adjunct
Given




New: contrastive